Subject of the development
The plot of land situated in the area between ul. Wybrzeże Szczecińskie, Al. Zielenieckiej and Al. Poniatowskiego in the Praga Południe district in Warsaw is the location of the National Stadium along with its associated infrastructure. The investment involves the construction of the National Stadium to take the place of the demolished 10th Anniversary Stadium.
Aerial photos showing the scope of the design development.
The functional description of the Land Development Design
The stadium is situated in the area of three streets: Ks. J. Poniatowskiego, Wybrzeże Szczecińskie and Aleja Zielenieckiej. A car park under the Stadium for VIP’s and sportspeople will be accessed from the west, from ul. Wybrzeże Szczecińskie.
Delivery, police, fire department and emergency vehicles also use the entrance located in ul. Wybrzeże Szczecińskie. The garage entrance through the existing tunnel in ul. Zielenieckiej is the only additional road and is not used on match days. With this solution, the interior complex of roads are designated only for pedestrians.
In the future the Warszawa-Stadium railway station and planned underground stations located north and south-east of the Stadium will communicate with the urban communication network.
Car parks located at four levels of the facility are to be accessible by two entrances for passenger cars with an initial check point in ul. Wybrzeże Szczecińskie. Each entrance will have three check points. It is planned to perform the possible control directly before the access road to four gates – 12 check points have been designed.
The exit traffic will be made by the same roads. For needs of the entry traffic a 4-metre wide independent traffic lane was designed. In addition, an entrance gate for VIP, sportsmen, deliveries, police and fire department vehicles will be from the west – from ul. Wybrzeże Szczecińskie.
In the eastern part of the stadium the emergency entrance to the garage through the existing main tunnel is designed. This entrance will be only used in special situations but not on event days. It is planned to develop a connecting street which assures the access to car parks and fire department access road from Al. Poniatowskiego. Roads inside the complex are designed for pedestrians only.
The existing walking routes will be renovated and tailored to requirements set forth for emergency roads.
The railway transport should considerably participate in the transport and evacuation of people as well.
The main event-related communication is made by means of the urban communication network.
The optimal connection of the urban communication and the Stadium is provided by the following investments:
- modernization of the Warszawa-Stadion railway station,
- newly designed underground stations next to the Warszawa-Stadion railway station and under Rondo Waszyngtona.
Conforming to the relevant legislation, this major events site must be completely fenced off from the surrounding area. Consequently, the entire site is to be surrounded by a 2.50-metre high steel fence. With the permanent and unbroken fence, the following is also included:
- entrances for spectators in the form of barriers, ticket and personal check points,
- entrance gates (general event service staff),
- exit gates for rapid evacuation of spectators after an event,
- extra emergency exits to evacuate the Stadium in the event of fire, a terrorist attack, etc.
Depending on the category of event and the level of risk, the area of the Stadium can be divided into four main sectors or further smaller units and subunits. Barriers, the height of which can be changed depending on requirements, are assembled in the sectors where necessary.
Sectors are divided into main sectors, from the entrance area to a specific seat in the stand.
The functional description of the National Stadium design
The National Stadium stands on the site of the former 10th Anniversary Stadium, that is the central part of the former Stadium is the base of the new facility. This positioning emphasizes the relationship between the new Stadium and its former counterpart, if we refer to the creative and active attitude to the present historical and spatial aspect of the new facility.
The Stadium base
Levels B3, B4
The base consists of four levels, the two lowest levels (B3, B4) are under the level of the designated football pitch and include car parks and exit corridors to the business club, VIP lounges, offices, conference centre, fan club etc.
Level B4 - car park, technical premises.
Level B3 – car park, technical premises, chapel and VIP zone.
This level is two storeys under the promenade. It includes locker rooms for participating athletes, referees and sports officials, entrance ways to the VIP zone and the conference centre in the western part, entrance hall to the commercial area in the eastern part as well as car parks in the northern and southern parts.
Level B2 – car park, technical premises, participating athletes facilities, entrances to the garage.
This level is directly under the promenade and consists of the press conference and main kitchen in the western part as well as the museum, shop and fan club with a kitchen serving the conference centre and fan club in the eastern part.
Level B1 – car park, technical premises, main kitchens, journalists, fan club, fan shop, museum.
The centre of the former stadium. The main promenade of the new Stadium is located at this level. It leads spectators directly to the lower stands and – by the external stairs around the promenade – to the upper stands. There are a sufficient number of toilets, stands, first-aid points, spectator-oriented service points at this level and around the 2,600-seat business club.
Level 0 – main promenade, business club, stands, toilets, first-aid points.
Structure of the new Stadium
The central structure of the Stadium rises, in keeping with the character of the previous Stadium, out of the center of the old Stadium. As a result of modern architectural innovations this new construction, with new materials applied and modern assembly techniques appears light and dynamic and is associated with sporting events and - broadly speaking – the dynamic development of our country.
The architectural character of the façade of the Stadium is the result of the contour of steel columns on the outside of the Stadium which support the roof suspended over the Stadium and from the partially transparent external façade that is woven through these columns. Its wavy outline reflects the shape of stands and the form of the roof. It is woven around the supporting steel columns – much like that of a wicker basket.
As mentioned above, the main promenade divides the entire auditorium into the lower stand - the internal restriction of the base area - and the main upper stand. In the area under the upper stands there are 5 levels designated for various purposes. This area is confined by the upper stands from the inside of the Stadium and the vertical internal façade around the Stadium. In the space between the façade and internal façade, supported on piles which support the roof construction, are a series of stairs leading to the upper promenade (level +3).
The first floor comprises of the following:
- VIP lounges in the western sector (W),
- corporate boxes (rented once or for a short period) in the eastern sector (E),
- offices in northern and southern sectors (N and S).
Level +1 – VIP lounges, offices, restaurant, security services command centre.
This level is comprised of:
- second level of VIP lounges in the western sector,
- conference centre in the eastern sector and northern and south-eastern parts,
- fitness centre in the northern part,
- offices in the southern part.
The above mentioned levels together with lower levels are connected by two multi-storey halls:
- in the VIP zone (western stand),
- in the commercial area (eastern stand).
Here, a set of lifts, escalators and stairs allows for vertical communication.
This level includes the main promenade guiding spectators through the exits and entrances to the upper stands. Toilets, stands, first-aid points, etc are also located at these points.
Together with these facilities, the western sector includes press facilities seating in stands accessed from this level. The numbers of these seats are dependent on the sporting events and can be extended to the number specified by the requirements of the European Football Championship.
Level +3 – Upper promenade, stands, toilets, first-aid points.
This level has been designed for technical premises.
The exception is the press bar located in the western area that is an open public restaurant with a view of the left-bank of Warsaw.
Level +4 – Technical level, restaurant, catering facilities for journalists.
This level includes additional technical premises (western and eastern areas) in areas permissible by the height of stands and roof construction.
Level +5 – Technical level.
Explanatory notes for the functional diagrams
The construction of the roof is a system of steel cables radiating from the external ring, which rests on steel columns, with the cables attached to the central spire over the football pitch. The roof construction principle is based on the construction of a bicycle wheel.
The roof material is made from a glass fibre membrane covered with Teflon with an 8-metre wide glass section placed between it and the rest of the roof. The space over the central arena can be covered with this mobile roof which - together with the permanent roof – protects the interior from inclement (or unsuitable) weather.
The mobile roof is positioned in the central spire above the arena and is above the system of information screens located in the lower part of the spire.
There are three pavilions designed for ticket offices and security premises along with ticket check points - next to entrances for pedestrians from ul. Wybrzeże Szczecińskie, in the north and next to the entrance at Rondo Waszyngtona. These pavilions are connected by small roofed and entrance gates which form the entrance portals.